Eureka Stockade Memorial Park

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Anton Hasell, Eureka Circle. This sculpture was erected in the Eureka Stockade Memorial Park to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Eureka Stockade. The sculpture comprises of 20 steel panels depicting the Eureka story. Dr Hasell said he designed the interpretive sculpture with the intention of creating an experience facing every miner on the goldfields at that time - either to join in or to stay out. The artist wanted visitors to experience the feeling of entering the barricade, to cross a line with many layers attached to it. [1]

Background

In the late 1860s, and following requests from some old residents, the mayor of Ballarat East, Emanuel Steinfeld, sought the proclamation by government of a reserve on the site of the Eureka Stockade. In a formal request to the District Surveyor in November 1869, the Town Clerk identified a piece of land (the current site of the reserve). this was received favourably by the government and the land was formally gazetted in April 1870. Prior to 1885 the site was known as the "Eureka Street Stockade Reserve". It was officially gazetted in 1885 as the "Eureka Park and garden" and placed under the control of the Ballarat East Council. [2]

On 7 February 1912 forty seven people attended a meeting at the Ballarat East Town Hall convened by Frank Penhalluriack who was very concerned about the unkempt state of the Eureka Stockade Reserve. [3]

In 1913 a statement of 'Objects' was adopted:

a. To create a national spirit and patriotism by enlisting the sympathy of the Government and Citizens of the Commonwealth;
b. The annual celebration of the fight for liberty which took place at eureka on 03 December 1854;
c. the beautification and maintenance of the Eureka Stockade Reserve.[4]

In 1935 previous reservation orders were revoked when to reserve was proclaimed as a site for a public park and recreation. it was to be known as the Eureka Stockade Reserve. The reservation was for an area of 13 acres, 3 roods and 2 perches, which include a closed portion of Rodier Street The Ballarat City Council was appointed Committee of Management of the reserve.[5]

In 1983 3800 square metres of land was added to the reserve on its northern boundary. This followed the re-alignment of Charlesworth Street and the compulsory acquisition of lot 18A by the Council in 1978.[6]

After the surrender of part of the railway land to the Crown in 1998 a further 1511 square metres was added to the western perimeter. [7]

Name Changes

Ballarat Reform League Inc. Monuments Project, Eureka Park, 2013. Photography: Clare Gervasoni.

The Eureka Stockade Reserve Committee went through a number of name changes, such as Eureka Stockade Committee Ballarat (1913), Eureka Stockade Progress Association (1917), Eureka Stockade Improvement and Progress Association (1922), and the Eureka Stockade Memorial Park Committee (1972) - to match the change of name of the Eureka Stockade Reserve to the Eureka Stockade Memorial Park. [8]

Eureka Caravan Park

The caravan park was set up in 1950 when land at the north-east of the reserve became available due to the closure of the railway branch to the Eureka Tiles factory.[9]

Eureka Swimming Pool

In the summer of 1932 the Reserve gained popularity when permission was granted for swimming in Lake Elsworth.[10] In 1935 the lake was converted into a swimming pool [11] was completed at a coast of 20,000 pounds, which was expended in sustenance money in grading the reserve and digging out the pool, the Eureka Reserve Committee paying for all materials used. It was officially opened on 21 January 1935.

A footbridge to an island in the middle of the lake was erected in 1953.[12]

The swimming pool was used by the public until 1964 when it was closed by the Council and health officer. This was due to the discovery of considerable faecal pollution in the unchlorinated water, and deemed potentially dangerous if allowed to continue to operate. [13]

During the 1970s the Park Committee raised $80,000 for the cost of a 50 meter concrete swimming pool and a learner's poll. This pool replaced the Lake Elsworth recreational pool.

Playground in the Eureka Stockade Memorial Park, 2008, Photography: Clare Gervasoni

The Kiosk

The brick kiosk was erected in the reserve at a cost of 400 pounds, totally paid for by the Eureka Stockade Association. The building was closed in 1972 after the opening of the kiosk at the nearby Olympic swimming pool. It was subsequently used as a barbecue shelter until its demolition in c1978.

Lone Pine

The Lone Pine Memorial Tree (with plaque) was planted in Eureka Park on 08 August 1917 by the Eureka Committee in memory of the Australian Soldiers who fell in the Lone Pine Charge at Gallipoli on 08 August 1915.[14] The plaque read The Lone Pine - this tree was planted on Aug 8th 1917 by the Eureka Committee in memory of Australian soldiers who fell in the Lone Pine Charge at Gallipoli on Aug 8th 1915.[15]

Also See

Ballarat Reform League Inc. Monuments Project

Eureka Memorial Park Association

Eureka Reserve

Lake Penhalluriack

Lake Penhalluriack 2013, Photography: Clare Gervasoni

Eureka Centre

In 1992 the Victorian State Government assisted the City of Ballarat to raise $3.1 to erect an interpretation centre. The Eureka Stockade Centre opened in 1994.[16]


Eureka Hall and Helen McKay Memorial Gates and Fence.

The Eureka Hall was erected by the Eureka Stockade Committee in 1927. The Helen McKay Memorial Gates and Fence were erected in 1953.

References

  1. Ballarat Courer, 05 November 2004.
  2. Concept Study for the Further Development of the Eureka Stockade Reserve Conservation Plan, Vol. 2, p15-16.
  3. Research by Ken Clements, 2012.
  4. Research by Ken Clements, 2012.
  5. Victorian Government Gazette, 10 July 1935, p1880.
  6. Victorian Government Gazette, 06 June 1984, p1802.
  7. Victorian Government Gazette,01 June 1988, p1526.
  8. Research by Ken Clements, 2012.
  9. Research by Ken Clements, 2012.
  10. City of Ballarat, Mayor's Annual Report, 1924, p26.
  11. City of Ballarat, Mayor's Annual Report, 1924, p26.
  12. City of Ballarat, Mayor's Annual Report, 1924, p26.
  13. Department of Health to Ballarat City Council, 23 March 1964. PROV VPRS 2500/279.
  14. http://vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/vhd/heritagevic#detail_places;126536, accessed 06 April 2014.
  15. Bradley, Harold, et al War Memorial of Victoria: A pictorial record, The Returned & Services League, Victorian Branch, 1994.
  16. Research by Ken Clements, 2012.

--Clare K. Gervasoni (talk) 17:01, 27 March 2013 (EST)