Emma Smith

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Thomas Smith was born in 1854 at Ballarat, the son of John Smith (2) and Emma Smith (Gilbert).[1]


Mr. Thomas Henry Smith, manager of the No. 2 Great Eastern gold mine, Gympie (Queensland), is the eldest son of the late John Smith (2), well known in Ballarat as a pioneer butcher on the Eureka. He was born on December 26, 1853, and was therefore only a obild in arms at the time of the Ballarat riots in 1854; and, the butcher's shop and residence being only a calico structure, his mother, with her infant in her arms, had to seek safety from the bullets, which were whistling about, in the scrub on the Black Hill Flat. Mr. Smith, senior, was very suooessful in his butchering trade, and soon accumulated a moderate fortune; but, after relinquishing his business, he lost heavily in mining speoulations. Consequently, his son had to take to mining when young; and he worked about Little Bendigo, and for five years in the Temperance quartz mine. He got tired of climbing up and down the 900ft ladders, and therefore went to the North-eastern District anti mony mine, and afterward engaged in the copper mine, Bethanga (Viotoria). In 1879 Mr. Smith went to Adelong (New South Wales), and leased the Chal lenge gold mine from the company for four years, and was very successful in working it, employing a great deal of labor. On the expiration of the lease he undertook to manage the mine for the company ; and on his leaving the mine in 1886 to proceed to Queensland, Mr. J. Curtis (director of the mine) said that it was in consequence of Mr. Smith's energy and perseverance that the mine had been raised to a good paying condition. Mr. Smith went to Gympie, and accepted the management of the No. 2 Great Eastern gold mine, in the future of whioh he has great faith, as on the Monkland, Glanmire, Niohols, and Great Eastern reefs, all of whioh have yielded rich returns, are believed to run through the ground.[2]

Also See

Thomas Henry Smith

John Smith

Further Reading

Dorothy Wickham, Women in 'Ballarat' 1851-1871: A Case Study in Agency, PhD. School of Behavioural and Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Ballarat, March 2008.

Dorothy Wickham, Blood, Sweat and Tears: Women of Eureka in Journal of Australian Colonial History, 10, No, 1, 2008, pp. 99-115.

Dorothy Wickham, Women of the Diggings: Ballarat 1854, BHSPublishing, 2009.


Clare Wright, The Forgotten Rebels of Eureka, Text Publishing, 2013.

Dorothy Wickham, Not just a Pretty Face: Women on the Goldfields, in Pay Dirt: Ballarat & Other Gold Towns, BHSPublishing, 2019, pp. 25-36.


  1. Victorian Birth Registration No. 270.
  2. Australian Town and Country Journal, 04 August 1888.