Patrick Riley was a member of the 40th Regiment. 
Activity in 1854
Private Patrick Riley gave evidence the trial of John Josephs:-
- Patrick Riley, private in the:40th regiment : In the end of November I was stationed at Balaarat (sic). We were 164 in number. We proceeded from the Camp to Eureka. The troops in advance went towards the stockade, and when about 200 yards off a volley was fired in the direction of the troops. Immediately after the volley was fired,' I saw a man of the 12th fall ; he died on the following Tuesday. As soon as he fell the troops advanced and fired. I do not know the wounded man's name. The volley was fired before our bugle was sounded to fire. We received orders to double up and charge the stockade with fixed bayonets. When we got to the stockade we went in. I saw the prisoner there ; he. had a double-barrelled gun, which I saw him fire in the direction where Captain Wise was, and the latter fell wounded. I also saw Manning, Venneck, and Raphelo in the stockade. 'We after wards returned to camp with the prisoners. Cross-examined : Captain Wise commanded part of the 40th, but not my company. He received two wounds. I saw the prisoner at first armed with a double barrelled gun; I do not think that musketry would penetrate the stockade. It was about three feet in height from the ground. We jumped over it in a spring. Some of our men fell over, but I jumped over it easily. The troops were all dressed as soldiers, and were not dressed as spies.
- Blake, Gregory, To Pierce the Tyrant's Heart, Australian Military History Publications, 2009, p.222.
- Mount Alexander Mail, 02 March 1855.