Eureka Deaths

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Memorial to those who died as a result of the Eureka Stockade located in the Eureka Stockade Memorial Gardens. Photography: Clare Gervasoni 2013.
Samuel Thomas Gill, Unlucky digger that never returned,watercolour and gum arabic on paper.
Art Gallery of Ballarat, gift of Mr. Tony Hamilton and Miss. S.E. Hamilton, 1967.

Eureka Deaths

Historian W.B Withers in History of Ballarat (1870) states: How many others owned their death to the Stockade attack can hardly be stated. Some lingered long, and died of wounds received there. Henry Foster admitted to burying five unidentified men himself.[1]

The number of people killed as the result of the Eureka Stockade is not known exactly. There is the distinct possibility that some wounded diggers escaped to the bush and died alone. Other contemporary statements mention the death of a woman. The following are known Eureka deaths.

Felix Boyle [2]

James Brown (from Ireland)[3]

Alfred Bryant[4]

George Clifton[5]

John Crowe[6]

John Diamond[7]

George Donaghey[8]

William Emmermann[9]

Fenton[10]

Patrick Gittings[11]

Samuel Green[12]

John Hafele[13]

John Hall[14]

Happy Jack[15]

Thomas Henfield[16]

John Hynes[17]

Robert Julien[18]

George Littlehales[19]

Edward McGlynn[20]

Thaddeus Moore[21]

Michael Mullins[22]

Thomas O'Neill[23]

Thomas Parker[24]

A Portugese [25]

Henry Powell[26]

Edward Quin[27]

William Quinlan[28]

John Robertson[29]

Michael Roney[30]

Charles Ross[31]

Llewellyn Rowlands[32]

Edward Thonen[33]

Joseph Wall[34]

William Webb[35]

Henry Wise[36]

The Men Who Fell at Eureka.
The list of killed and wounded at Eureka has never been complete, for many who escaped wounded died afterwards, and some of the dead were taken away by their friends. The diggers' casualties as prepared by Peter Lalor, were as follows, from which it will be be seen that the majority who fell were Irishmen:— Killed — John Hynes and John Diamond, of County Clare; Patrick Gittens, Thomas O'Neil, and — Mullins, of County Kilkenny; Samuel Green, England; John Robertson, Scotland; Edward Thoneman, Prussia; John Hafele, Wurtemburg, Germany; George Donaghy, County Donegal; Edward Quin, County Cavan; Thomas Quinlan, Goulburn, N.S.W.; a digger on Eureka known as "Happy Jack;" and two others whose names were unknown. Died of their wounds — Lieutenant Ross, Canada; William Clifton, Somersetshire; Thaddeus Moore, County Clare; James Brown, Newry, Ireland; Robert Julien, Nova Scotia; Edward McGlyn, Ireland; two men whose surnames were Crowe and Fenton; and another quite unknown. Twelve men who were wounded are known to have recovered. Of the attacking force, three privates were killed in the assault, and Captain Wise and another private died of their, wounds.[37]

The Coffins for those killed at Eureka were made by John W. Wilson.

Reinterments

The Miner and Star newspaper also reported that bodies were exhumed and re-interred.

THE EUREKA VICTIMS:- A request has been made to the Trustees of the Cemetery to have the bodies of those of the Eureka victims who were interred apart from the spot where the monument now stands, exhumed and removed to that part of the Cemetery. The request has been favorably received, and we believe the bodies - which are those of Captain Ross, Thonen, the Lemonade Seller, James Brown and "Tom the Blacksmith" will be removed very shortly and placed beside their fallen victims over whose remains the Eureka Monument now stands. [38]

The following is a list of known deaths at the result of the [Eureka Stockade] battle.


THE EUREKA VICTIMS:-

On Tuesday morning, about 7 o'clock the bodies of Captain Ross, James Brown, Thonen the lemonade seller, and Tom the blacksmith who fell at the Eureka Stockade and had been buried apart from the others, were removed from the grave and placed in that containing the bodies of the others who lost their lives on the memorable 3rd of December. The removal took place in the presence of Mr Superintendent Foster, Mr Salmon, trustees of the cemetery and Mr Lessman. The coffins were in excellent preservation. We understand that no procession will take place on Thursday next, the anniversary of the Eureka affair, but the grave of the fallen will be decorated with chaplets and flowers. [39]

Wounded and Since Recovered

Peter Lalor

Patrick Hanafin

Michael Hanley

Michael O'Neil

Thomas Callinan

Patrick Callinan

Dennis Dynan

Thaddeus Moore

Michael O'Neill

Luke Sheehan

Francis Symonds

James Warner

Luke Sheehan

Michael Morrison

James Warner

William Williams


Commemoration 2022

Eureka Remembrance Pathway at the Eureka Centre

A Pathway of Remembrance for the 35 lives lost at the Battle of Eureka in 1854 was unveiled recently by the Irish Ambassador to Australia, Mr Tim Mawe. Mr Mawe said that the values of Eureka were long term in pursuing equality fairness and democracy and were equally relevant to his country. Costing $18 000, the Pathway of Remembrance was supported by diplomatic missions to Australia which provided plaques to honour their fallen citizens, including the British High Commission, High Commission of Canada, Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany and Embassy of the Republic of Ireland. Additional plaques have been funded by the City of Goulburn and Mulwaree (Australia) and Eureka Australia, with project funding and delivery by the City of Ballarat.

Thirty-five eucalyptus trees are planted along the Pathway with plaques indicating the country of origin of the person who died.

The Pathway equally honours all the men and women who died at the Eureka Stockade, but whose names are not recorded. The path begins at the Eureka Circle where the story of Eureka is depicted across 20 individual panels, and then cuts across the lawn to reach the memorial to the Pikeman’s dog, an Irish terrier, who stayed with his master when he was shot at Eureka.[40]

See Also

Dorothy Wickham, Eureka's Fallen, ePub

Eureka's Fallen by author Dorothy Wickham

Controversy, innuendo, and emotion abound in the vast body of literature about the Eureka Affair. The scholarly literature on the Victorian gold rushes usually mentions the event, with varying degrees of understanding or attention to the facts. So much so, that there is as yet no consensus of opinion as to the numbers of military, civilians, or insurgents killed or wounded, the actual site of the battle, the makers of the Eureka Flag, nor a full account of members of the Ballarat Reform League or who wrote the Reform League Charter. This book gives an accurate account of deaths around the time of the Eureka Affair.


https://ballaratheritage.com.au/bookshop/eurekas-fallen-e-book/


James Farrant

Eureka Stockade


References

  1. Wickham, D., Gervasoni, C. & Phillipson, W., Eureka Research Directory, Ballarat Heritage Services, 1999.
  2. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Captain J. W. Thomas, List of Casualties, 3 December 1854
  3. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  4. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  5. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  6. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  7. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  8. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  9. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  10. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  11. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  12. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  13. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  14. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  15. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  16. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  17. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  18. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  19. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  20. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  21. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  22. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  23. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  24. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  25. Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998
  26. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  27. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  28. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  29. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  30. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Captain J. W. Thomas, List of Casualties, 3 December 1854
  31. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  32. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  33. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Ballarat Heritage Services, Eureka Reminiscences, 1998, Peter Lalor's List, 1855
  34. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Captain J. W. Thomas, List of Casualties, 3 December 1854
  35. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996, Captain J. W. Thomas, List of Casualties, 3 December 1854
  36. Dorothy Wickham, Deaths at Eureka, 1996.
  37. Advocate, 8 July 1899.
  38. The Miner and Star, 4 December 1857
  39. Ballarat Star, 2 December 1857
  40. Excerpt from The Cornish Association of Victoria Inc. Ballarat Branch Newsletter, August 2022, pages 7-8.

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