Country of Origin

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Eureka Stockade by Beryl Ireland, c1995. State Library of Victoria (H141890)
This work is an over-painted photographic print, photographed by an unknown photographer from the painted canvas by Izett Watson and Thaddeus Welch, which was exhibited as a painted cyclorama in the 'Battle of Waterloo' Cyclorama building, Fitzroy, ca. 1891. This is based on the evidence that the pulleys and brick wall are discernible at the top edge of the image which B. Ireland has not over-painted.

Background

The 1850s Victorian goldfields population was one of the most cosmopolitan places in Australia and comprising many nationalities. All inhabitants lived under the British legal system, and many being foreigners or reformists were displeased with the laws governing them. Some had fled troubles in Continental Europe and elsewhere, and had witnessed the results of oppressive tyrants and governments. Some had been Chartists following enlightened views in their homelands, and did not want to be repressed once again. [1]

James Madden wrote in 1904:

... One thing that pains me, and to which I must give an emphatic denial, is a statement that the fight was only shared by one section of the population. I say, from an intimate knowledge of events, that Englishmen, Irishmen, Scotchmen,and men from other European countries, fought together and so did men of every religion. My family are Ulster-Protestants, and the latter are not usually weak in their faith, and we had many friends, also strict Irish Protestants, who fought and died side by side-with men of all other creeds; among them Irish Catholics. The struggle was one in which all religions united, so great was the oppression; and so strong was the desire to gain for Australia the freedom we have to-day. I cannot under stand how men who claim to he comrades of those who died can so traduce their memory, unless they belonged to the spies on Ballarat at the time. ...[2]

Eureka - A Multicultural Event

Document showing returnsPublic Record Office Victoria

Eureka - Multicultural Event

https://ballaratheritage.com.au/article/eureka-a-multicultural-affair/

Jews and Eureka

http://jewishhistoryaustralia.net/jha/Eureka.htm

Eureka & the Indigenous Population

An incident on the Ballarat goldfields on 21 September 1851 illustrates the intention of the government forces and their preparedness to intervene in case of disorder. Commissioner Doveton and his assistant David Armstrong explained to the diggers the government’s decision to introduce licensing fees, which attracted an angry response from the miners. A public meeting was held immediately, and when the first men came forward to pay the fee, 13 they were struck and pelted by ‘the mob’ as Dana called them. Had it not been for the presence of the Native Police, Dana reported, those diggers would have been seriously injured (Fels 1988, p. 213)’. [3]

Countries

Samuel Thomas Gill, Lucky digger that returned, c1852, watercolour and gum arabic on paper.
Art Gallery of Ballarat, gift of Mr. Tony Hamilton and Miss. S.E. Hamilton, 1967.

Australia

Austria

America

Brazil

Canada

China

Cornwall

Corsica

Denmark

England

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Guernsey

Holland - See Netherlands

Ireland

Italy

Jamaica

Jewish

Netherlands

Norway

Nova Scotia

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Prussia

Russia

Scotland

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

United States of America

Wales

West Indies

References

  1. Wickham, D., Gervasoni, C. & Phillipson, W., Eureka Research Directory, Ballarat Heritage Services, 1999.
  2. West Australian, 2 November 1904,
  3. Clark, Ian D., Another Side of Eureka - the Aboriginal presence on the Ballarat goldfields in 1854- Were Aboriginal people involved in the Eureka rebellion?, University of Ballarat, 2007.