Difference between revisions of "Country of Origin"

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[[File:SLV H141890.jpg|500px|thumb|right| ''Eureka Stockade'' by Beryl Ireland, c1995. State Library of Victoria (H141890)<Br>This work is an over-painted photographic print, photographed by an unknown photographer from the painted canvas by Izett Watson and [[Thaddeus Welch]], which was exhibited as a painted cyclorama in the 'Battle of Waterloo' Cyclorama building, Fitzroy, ca. 1891. This is based on the evidence that the pulleys and brick wall are discernible at the top edge of the image which B. Ireland has not over-painted.]]
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[[File:GILL ST - Lucky digger that returned - 1967.128-wiki.jpg|1000px|thumb|right|Samuel Thomas Gill, ''Lucky digger that returned,'' c1852, watercolour and gum arabic on paper. <br>Art Gallery of Ballarat, gift of Mr. Tony Hamilton and Miss. S.E. Hamilton, 1967.]]
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== Background ==
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The 1850s  Victorian goldfields population was one of the most cosmopolitan places in Australia and comprising many nationalities. All inhabitants lived under the British legal system, and many being foreigners or reformists were displeased with the laws governing them. Some had fled troubles in Continental Europe and elsewhere, and had witnessed the results of oppressive tyrants and governments. Some had been Chartists following enlightened views in their homelands, and did not want to be repressed once again. <ref>Wickham, D., Gervasoni, C. & Phillipson, W., ''Eureka Research Directory'', Ballarat Heritage Services, 1999.</ref>
 
The 1850s  Victorian goldfields population was one of the most cosmopolitan places in Australia and comprising many nationalities. All inhabitants lived under the British legal system, and many being foreigners or reformists were displeased with the laws governing them. Some had fled troubles in Continental Europe and elsewhere, and had witnessed the results of oppressive tyrants and governments. Some had been Chartists following enlightened views in their homelands, and did not want to be repressed once again. <ref>Wickham, D., Gervasoni, C. & Phillipson, W., ''Eureka Research Directory'', Ballarat Heritage Services, 1999.</ref>
  
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==Eureka - A Multicultural Event==
 
==Eureka - A Multicultural Event==
  
Dorothy Wickham and Clare Gervasoni
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[[Eureka - Multicultural Event]]
  
The Victorian goldfields boasted a community comprising a large number of different nationalities, as well as people holding multifarious political and religious views. It is therefore not surprising to discover the large number of cultures involved at the Eureka uprising.
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== Jews and Eureka ==
  
The following list was compiled from ''The Eureka Encyclopaedia'' (Corfield/Wickham/Gervasoni) and ''Women of the Diggings: Ballarat 1854'' (D. Wickham)
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http://jewishhistoryaustralia.net/jha/Eureka.htm
  
AUSTRALIA
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== Countries ==
Thomas Dignam (born NSW) tried for treason, Howes (born Tasmania,) Quinlan (born NSW), Miller (born Tasmania)
 
  
CANADA
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[[Australia]]
Robert Julien (died of wounds), Charles Henry Ross (killed), John Robinson, Thoms Budden, Edward Henry Majenty Mount, Edward Macarthur (served in Canada), Charles MacMahon(served in Canada), Robert Nickle(served in Canada), Charles Pasley (served in Canada), Henry Chapman (had lived in Canada, Samuel Douglas Smyth Huyghue
 
 
 
CORNWALL
 
Peter Ellis, John Penneluna, Joseph Penrose, James Wearne
 
 
 
CORSICA
 
Francis John Romeo
 
 
 
DENMARK
 
Erick Jorgenole Rasmussen
 
 
 
ENGLAND
 
James Ashburner, Alfred Black (Ballarat Reform League), George Black (Ballarat Reform League),William Harvey Boase, William Walton (Baron) Bell, James Beattie (tried for treason), George Clifton (killed), Thomas Cox, Frederick London Coxhead (died of wounds), Samuel Green (killed), John Hanlon Knipe, James Montague Smith, John Wellesley Thomas, James Wiburd (or Wyburd), William Wood.
 
 
 
FINLAND
 
Isaac Mattson
 
 
 
FRANCE
 
Delprat, Antoine Julien Fauchery, Le Pere, Peter Priaulx, Thomas Decueur.
 
 
 
GERMANY/PRUSSIA
 
Edward Thonen (killed), William Augustus Heise, Thomas Henfield (killed), John Hafele (killed), Adolphus Lessman, John Herman Frederich Spanake, Herman Steinman, Frederick William Tauschke, Frederick Vern
 
 
 
GREECE
 
Natale D'Angri (born to Italian parents)
 
 
 
GUERNSEY
 
Jean (John) Le Maitre
 
 
 
HOLLAND
 
Cornelius Peters, Jan Vennick (tried for treason)
 
 
 
ITALY
 
Joseph Barberis, Antonio Capuano, Raffaello Carboni (tried for treason), Oravalno, Antonio Polinelli, Francesco Rappacioli.
 
  
IRELAND
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[[Austria]]
Hugh Brady (Ballarat Reform League), James Brown (died of wounds), Michael Canny, John Crowe (killed), Patrick Malone Curtain, Michael Callinan, John Dunlop, John Dynan, Martin Diamond (killed), John Thomas Dalton, George Donaghey (killed), Henry Gittins (killed), John Esmond, Timothy Hayes (tried for treason), Patrick Daniel Howard, John Hynes (killed), Peter Lalor, Morgan Lee, Edward Quinn (killed), Michael Hanrahan, John Lynch, Michael Gleeson, Thaddeus Moore, (killed), Michael Tuohy (tried for treason), John Torpy, Michael O'Neil, E. O'Mahony, Michael O'Brien, Michael Mullins (killed), Edward McGlynn (killed), John Manning (tried for treason), William John Madden, Abbott Lewis, Patrick Sheedy, Luke Sheehan, George Gilmore, Matthew Gavin
 
 
 
NORWAY
 
John Forssman
 
 
 
PORTUGAL
 
Antonio Francesco Nida
 
 
 
RUSSIA
 
William Emmerman (killed)
 
 
 
SCOTLAND
 
Alfred William Crowe, Thomas Kennedy, Hugh Meikle, John Robertson (killed), Henry Sutherland, Alexander McLaren, Robert Watson.
 
 
 
SPAIN
 
Pergo
 
 
 
SWEDEN
 
Jacob Soranson, Andrew Swanson, Maurice Linquist
 
 
 
SWITZERLAND
 
Charles Doudiet, Charles Louis Sublet, Henry Alexander De Brot.
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
 
James McGill, John Josephs (tried for treason), Charles Kenworthy, George Hartley, Charles Derius Ferguson, Francis Carey, Nealson, Burnete, William Melody, George Francis Train
 
 
 
WALES
 
John Basson Humffray (Ballarat Reform League), Llewellyn Rowlands (killed)
 
 
 
WEST INDIA
 
John McFie Campbell (tried for treason)
 
 
 
 
 
If you would like to comment or contribute on this article please Email ballaratheritage
 
 
 
Further information on the Eureka Stockade can be found in the books ''Women of the Diggings: Ballarat 1854'' and the award winning ''The Eureka Encyclopaedia'', both published by BHS Publishing.
 
 
 
[[Australia]]
 
  
 
[[America]]
 
[[America]]
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[[Guernsey]]
 
[[Guernsey]]
  
[[Holland]]
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Holland - See [[Netherlands]]
  
 
[[Ireland]]
 
[[Ireland]]
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[[Norway]]
 
[[Norway]]
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[[Peru]]
  
 
[[Poland]]
 
[[Poland]]

Latest revision as of 06:53, 23 August 2017

Eureka Stockade by Beryl Ireland, c1995. State Library of Victoria (H141890)
This work is an over-painted photographic print, photographed by an unknown photographer from the painted canvas by Izett Watson and Thaddeus Welch, which was exhibited as a painted cyclorama in the 'Battle of Waterloo' Cyclorama building, Fitzroy, ca. 1891. This is based on the evidence that the pulleys and brick wall are discernible at the top edge of the image which B. Ireland has not over-painted.
Samuel Thomas Gill, Lucky digger that returned, c1852, watercolour and gum arabic on paper.
Art Gallery of Ballarat, gift of Mr. Tony Hamilton and Miss. S.E. Hamilton, 1967.

Background

The 1850s Victorian goldfields population was one of the most cosmopolitan places in Australia and comprising many nationalities. All inhabitants lived under the British legal system, and many being foreigners or reformists were displeased with the laws governing them. Some had fled troubles in Continental Europe and elsewhere, and had witnessed the results of oppressive tyrants and governments. Some had been Chartists following enlightened views in their homelands, and did not want to be repressed once again. [1]

James Madden wrote in 1904:

... One thing that pains me, and to which I must give an emphatic denial, is a statement that the fight was only shared by one section of the population. I say, from an intimate knowledge of events, that Englishmen, Irishmen, Scotchmen,and men from other European countries, fought together and so did men of every religion. My family are Ulster-Protestants, and the latter are not usually weak in their faith, and we had many friends, also strict Irish Protestants, who fought and died side by side-with men of all other creeds; among them Irish Catholics. The struggle was one in which all religions united, so great was the oppression; and so strong was the desire to gain for Australia the freedom we have to-day. I cannot under stand how men who claim to he comrades of those who died can so traduce their memory, unless they belonged to the spies on Ballarat at the time. ...[2]

Eureka - A Multicultural Event

Eureka - Multicultural Event

Jews and Eureka

http://jewishhistoryaustralia.net/jha/Eureka.htm

Countries

Australia

Austria

America

Canada

Cornwall

Corsica

Denmark

England

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Guernsey

Holland - See Netherlands

Ireland

Italy

Jamaica

Jewish

Netherlands

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Prussia

Russia

Scotland

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

United States of America

Wales

West Indies

References

  1. Wickham, D., Gervasoni, C. & Phillipson, W., Eureka Research Directory, Ballarat Heritage Services, 1999.
  2. West Australian, 2 November 1904,