Samuel Huyghue

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Samuel Huyghue's Plan of Attack of the Eureka Stockade, 03 December 1854.
Samuel D.S. Huyghue, The site of the Eureka Stockade, 1855, pencil on paper.
Courtesy Art Gallery of Ballarat, purchased 2004.
Huyghue was a skilled draughtsman and this image is important because it is inscribed by him ‘Huyghue December 1855 the site of the Eureka Stockade’. What this means is that one year after the storming of the Stockade, Huyghue visited the site on the edge of Ballarat and put his pen to paper. What he recorded here is the ONLY topographically accurate view of the actual site of the stockade, from a time when everyone still knew exactly where it was located. This drawing is particularly interesting when it is compared with the diagram of the stockade that was used in the treason trials of the Stockaders in early 1855.[1]


Samuel Douglas Smith Huyghue born at Prince Edward Island, Canada. He died on 24 July 1891 aged 76, and was buried at Boroondara Cemetery on 27 July 1891. Emma Sophia Huyghue was buried in the same grave on 19 September 1901, aged 70.[2]

On 27 August 1853 Huyghue was appointed Clerk of the Office of Mines, Ballarat. He remained in that position until his retirement in 1878.[3]

Huyghue was a skilled draughtsman[4], and left a number of important images and plans relating to the Eureka Stockade.

Goldfields Involvement, 1854

Samuel Douglas Huyghue who was the clerk of the Government Camp in 1854-5.[5] He drew the plan of attack on the Eureka Stockade. Huyghue wrote a diary which was used for his reminiscences. He described the path taken by the troops on 03 December 1854:

... at first curving well up under Black Hill and then striking a more direct course towards the rebel stronghold ... . Pursuing their course now without further interruption they descended into a ravine and following up a shallow gully leading therefrom and separating the Free Trade Hotel from Stockyard Hill, arrived close to the hotel and within 200 yards of the enemy's position.
The stronghold was placed where the diggers had commences sinking ... . The general lay of it was on a gentle slop leading up to and bordering the Melbourne Road, beyond which the ground fell away again more abruptly in an opposite direction, rugged with deserted working and studded with tents. The irregular enclosure comprised about an acre ...

Post 1854 Experiences

In 1884 Samuel Huyghue completed "How 'The Camp' saw 'The Riot': The hiterto unpublished story of a Camp official".

See also

Huyghue's Plan


Further Reading

Corfield, J., Wickham, D., & Gervasoni, C. The Eureka Encyclopaedia, Ballarat Heritage Services, 2004.


External links