Born in North Scotland in 1827 Henry Sutherland arrived in Melbourne in 1853. After working in Melbourne in 1853 he headed for the Forest Creek Diggings, Catlemaine, then to Ballarat in 1854. In Ballarat he was working with a mate of Duncan Gillies and Peter Lalor.
Henry Sutherland married in 1856m ad settled at Yarraville in 1857, where he lived until his death in 1922.
Goldfields Involvement, 1854
Hnery Sutherland was a pikeman at the Eureka Stockade.
- MEMORIES OP RIOTS REVIVED.
- The passing of Mr. Henry Sutherland, of Victoria, revives memories of the Ballarat riots in 1853. He was the last of the men who look up arms against the Government, and he it was who conceiled the wounded leader, Peter Lalor, when the soldiers were searching for the wounded insurgents among the debris of the Eureka Stockade. These three young fortune-hunters set off to Forest Creek diggings at Castlemaine, and they worked for nearly a year with small returns. The Ballarat field was then attracting hundreds of gold-seeker, and the three mates transferred to those diggings. Up to the day of his death Sutherland could tell a good story of those stir-ring times in the gravel pits and round the camp fires, he had a distinct recollection of the events which led up to the riots, and, like many others, he believed that the rising of the miners and the routing which they received at the hands of the soldiers had a wonderful influence on later day legislation.
Post 1854 Experiences
- EUREKA RIOTS. - DEATH OF A PARTICIPANT. TALE OF THE FIFTIES.
- The special representative of the Sydney 'Sun' writes under date Melbourne, June 3rd: — Participants in Victoria's only real rebellion — the Eureka Stockade riots of 1854 — are gradually passing away. The last to depart this life is Mr. Henry Sutherland, who was instrumental in shielding from the soldiers and police the notorious Peter Lalor, one of the leaders of the insurgents, who subsequently became one of Victoria's law-makers. Sutherland, like the man whose death was responsible 'in a great measure for the rising of the gold diggers against the Government of the day, was born in the north of Scotland. He left his native heath for a life upon the seat at the age of 14, but in 1853 he landed in Hobson's Bay with hundreds of others, who were anxious to gather up the gold in shovelfuls. He chummed up with Duncan Gillies and Peter Lalor. These three young fortune-hunters set off to Forest Creek diggings at Castlemaine, and there they worked for nearly a year with poor returns. The Ballarat field was then attracting hundreds of gold-seekers, and the three mates transferred to those diggings. Up to the day of his death Sutherland could tell a good story of those stirring times in the gravel pits and round the camp fires. He had a distinct recollection of the events which led up to the riots, and, like many others, lie believed that the rising of the miners and the routing which they received at the hands of the soldiers had a wonderful influence on later day legislation.
- KILLING OF SCOBIE. Henry Sutherland remembered well the discovery outside Bentley's Hotel, at Ballarat, of the body of the Scots man Scobie, who, after a carousal with another miner, had been murdered with a shovel. Scobie had gone back for a last drink, and finding the hotel closed, he made it his business to get the innkeeper out. That was the last time Scobie was seen alive. Bentley was arrested, and after being set free, it was learned that the commissioner who had tried the case was heavily indebted to the accused man. The miners then decided to take a hand, and by their agitation, which was of a rather forcible character, as they burned Bentley's Hotel to the ground, the man was re-tried, and with others, was convicted. The miners had tasted victory, and when three of their number were gaoled for the burning of the hotel they were indignant. They were not the sort of men to suffer a grievance, [ write to the local newspaper — they had quite a few publications even in those early times — and let it drop. They soon found that they had other troubles, one of the greatest of which was the almost daily demand for licenses by ' the police. The diggers considered that they had enough or these interferences, and they decided to protest against these digger-hunts.
- Bakery Hill on November 11th. They decided that it was the inalienable right of every citizen to have a voice in the making of laws he was called upon to obey; that there should be no taxation without representation, and that the following changes in the political life of the young country should be demanded — a full and fair representation, manhood suffrage, abolition of property qualification for members of the Legislature, payment of members, short duration of Parliament, an immediate alteration in the government of the goldfields, and the total abolition of the license tax. Henry Sutherland was present at that meeting, at which, unluckily there was some talk of a revolutionary character. Sir Charles Hotham, the Governor, took a hand by sending additional military to the goldfield. (This was received by the miners as a threat to suppress freedom of discussion, and they showed their contempt for the soldiers by taking from them their weapons and ammunition. They sent their demands, and, when the delegates returned, reporting that the Governor was powerless to grant them, the diggers forthwith burnt their licenses and; pledged themselves to take out no more. Peter Lalor, Sutherland's camp mate, was the leader of that movement. ...
- BALLARAT PIONEER DIES
- PRESENT AT EUREKA RIOT
- Mr Henry Sutherland, 84, who died recently at the house of Mrs E. McEwan, his daughter, 20 Reid Street, North Fitzroy, was present at the Eureka Stockade riot.
Born in the north of Scotland, Mr Sutherland left home when he was 14, and went to sea. He arrived in Melbourne in 1853. After working at the Forest Creek diggings, Castlemaine, he went to Ballarat in 1854, and was working mate with the late Mr Duncan Gillies and Peter Lalor. In 1856 he was married, and settled at Yarraville in 1857, where he lived till three weeks ago, when he was seized with a paralytic stroke.
Corfield, J.,Wickham, D., & Gervasoni, C. The Eureka Encyclopaedia, Ballarat Heritage Services, 2004.
- Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent, 23 June 1916.
- Maryborough Chronicle, 8 June 1916.